But seriously, it`s not just a heuristic for disagreements. “You should prioritize the beliefs you already have, everything else in the same way” is a pretty good heuristic (much better than “you should have random beliefs” or “You should adopt beliefs that you don`t have, all other equals”). 3. Values. People appreciate and deal with different things. A person thinks that more life in the universe is a good thing by nature, and so it is to increase the size of the population. Another would prefer to create less life if it kept existing people happier. A man wants to be called back after his death, while another person does not appreciate him because he knows that he cannot live this state of the world. Utilitarians attach importance to the world that contains less suffering, the Cantians appreciate a world where certain universal rules are not violated, many people attach importance to the survival of animal species (even in cases where their survival does not benefit humans) and so on. There is nothing strange about the fact that different heads produce different labels for what is precious and has no value. However, sometimes a person`s values are logically inconsistent (z.B. the person pretends to evaluate X while devaluing Y without realizing that X and Y are the same thing).
[Comment: In terms of values, the issues are tastes, preferences and interests. If you have a taste for chocolate rather than mushrooms, then you better go to the chocolate shop rather than the mushroom shop. A disagreement could then follow on the business in which you have to “go” between you and someone with opposite preferences. If you say “should” here, it can only express your preference, but the conversation may take the form of a disagreement about what to do.] I find it difficult to accept that people have enough different values to argue large amounts of disagreements. Instead of enjoying different things, what people enjoy generally seems marginal: most of us agree that things like music and laughter are good, but we are divided (for reasons other than values!) on the type of music that is good or what is funny. (Which is sad. What makes them laugh is funny, and you don`t get extra points for enjoying some type of humor.) Number four on your list of seven causes should be minimized, I think. It is more likely that when a difference in values occurs, it is either the result of insufficient or false factual convictions or a clear miscommunication. That`s true, but realistically, most people are starting to think they`re right.
Also remember that probably more than 50% of people think they are smarter than average, and probably the best advice is to start most disagreements, provided you get it wrong! What are the termination conditions for the analysis of a disagreement? They come in five forms: comprehensive agreement, satisfactory agreement, unsuitable for agreement, recognition of conflicts, and resolution of the issue.